About Belize

Tucked in next to Guatemala on the west, Mexico to the north, and the Caribbean to the east, Belize is a constitutional monarchy that was originally called British Honduras. Come to Belize and you’ll hear familiar words of the English language. In fact, we are the only English language-speaking country in Central America. While English is the official language of Belize, Kriol is the local dialect spoken. The country is diverse not only with various cultures and languages, but also with extreme biodiversity and distinctive ecosystems. On the coast, there is a swampy coastal plain with mangrove swamps. In the south and interior there are hills and low mountains. Most of the land is undeveloped and is forested with hardwoods. Belize is a part of the Mesoamerican biodiversity hotspot and has many jungles, wildlife reserves, different species of flora and fauna and the largest cave system in Central America. Some species of Belize’s flora and fauna include the black orchid, the mahogany tree, the toucan and tapirs. The Belize Barrier Reef – a UNESCO World Heritage Site – is a part of the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System, the second-largest barrier reef in the world. It is estimated that only 10% of the Belize Barrier Reef’s species have been discovered, with 90% still needing to be researched. Currently, the reef is home to 70 hard coral and 36 soft coral species, 500 species of fish and hundreds of invertebrate species.

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